infinitive phrase definition

Le mot de l'exemple n'est pas le même que le mot recherché. 'min': 31, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); This tool helps you do just that. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Infinitive Definition Stem; buscar. }); 2. expires: 60 name: "idl_env", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, }] type: "html5", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, This pages has lots of examples of infinitive phrases and an interactive test. Give it a try! Objectif : savoir déterminer si une phrase est simple ou complexe et l'analyser en propositions. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, enableSendAllBids: false, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, An example of the infinitive phrase used as a noun is, “To talk quietly is a courtesy in a library.” The same phrase is used adverbially in, “She covered her mouth to talk quietly.” It is sometimes used as an adjective to describe nouns and pronouns, such as, “Rather than argue, she is one to talk quietly.”. 'cap': true { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", Infinitive example: to swim; An infinitive phrase is a group of words that starts with the infinitive. It is worth noting that concrete action verbs had a particularly high proportion of infinitives reflecting modal use. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); The phrase itself is not, however, a verb. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, }); Basic form of verb: a form of a verb with no reference to a specific tense, person, or subject. dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, 'max': 3, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, ♦ Mode infinitif. 'increment': 0.05, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, params: { var pbDesktopSlots = [ var pbHdSlots = [ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, 'max': 8, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Définition La phrase simple ne comporte qu'une seule proposition et donc qu'un seul noyau sujet-verbe. iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); These verbs include: In only one case do we find a toinfinitive straightforwardly replacing a bare. },{ It is said to be a bare infinitive. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 Une proposition infinitive est une proposition dont le verbe est à l'infinitif. dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); "noPingback": true, }; En grammaire, le terme phrase complexe dénomme une entité syntaxique qui réunit au moins deux phrases simples, établissant entre elles un rapport de coordination ou de subordination.Dans le deuxième cas, l’une devient ce qu’on appelle une « proposition subordonnée » [1], [2]. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, An infinitive phrase is considered an adjective phrase Opens in new window only if it immediately follows a noun. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, Qui renferme un ordre ou qui est relatif à l'expression d'un ordre. googletag.cmd.push(function() { Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Paul avoids using chemicals on the vegetables he grows. If infinitives did not raise overtly, but objects in subordinate clauses did, the order is explained. As is more common in English, both languages do sometimes employ an article to create a full infinitive, also called a to-infinitive. syncDelay: 3000 to look for: busc-cantar. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, One, called a participle, such as in “a whispering wind,” is always a descriptive adjective. ga('set', 'dimension2', "entryex"); Sur le mode infinitif. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "infinitive"); Infinitive definition is - formed with the infinitive. Définitions de infinitive, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de infinitive, dictionnaire analogique de infinitive (français) infinitive phrase . googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, We excluded all infinitives and other verb forms from the two lists and ended up with a high degree of correspondence. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, What is an Infinitive Phrase? iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); 'min': 3.05, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); "authorizationFallbackResponse": { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, We use the perfect infinitive after verbs such as claim, expect, hate, hope, like, love, prefer, pretend: Some verbs can be followed immediately by a to-infinitive: A group of verbs connected with feeling, hearing and seeing can be used with -ing or with an infinitive without to: Some verbs are used with a direct object (underlined) followed by a to-infinitive. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, The Infinitive Phrase Recognize an infinitive phrase when you find one. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["arts_entertainment_media"]); Many of them change the form of the verb slightly with the addition of a suffix to help clearly define it as an infinitive. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, },{ var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, An infinitive phrase is a verb phrase constructed with the verb in infinitive form. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, La phrase infinitive. 'max': 30, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "fr"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, } var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); storage: { { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Despite the fact that they are no longer being used as verbs, they retain most of its characteristics and can accept additional words that verbs normally would. to watch: mir-visitar. to speak: habl-llamar. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); Also called an infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase . pbjs.que.push(function() { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, type: "cookie", "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/fr/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", 'max': 36, pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, storage: { {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "language"); Ses propositions sont introduites par des verbes exprimant la pensée, la parole ou l’opinion. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, Améliorez votre vocabulaire avec English Vocabulary in Use de Cambridge.Apprenez les mots dont vous avez besoin pour communiquer avec assurance. 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, Aucune opinion exprimée dans les exemples ne reflète l'opinion des éditeurs de Cambridge Dictionary, de Cambridge University Press ou de ceux leur ayant concédé une license. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, An infinitive is the basic form of a verb, usually with to in front of it: to go, to stay, to be . { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, Infinitive Phrases used as Adjective Phrases. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/infinitive"); to call: llam-llenar. var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, Elle peut être une proposition indépendante, ou une proposition subordonnée. Faites-nous part de vos remarques sur cette phrase d'exemple : 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, const customGranularity = { Elle peut être une proposition indépendante, ou une proposition subordonnée. An infinitive phrase is the infinitive form of a verb plus any complements and modifiers. }, 'increment': 0.01, une infinitive. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, pbjsCfg = { "Go" is the infinitive form. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, A writer can expand an infinitive into an infinitive phrase by adding modifiers, a prepositional phrase, and/or complements. √ I had a tendency to doze in public. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, I suggest instead that periphrastic do reflects a merger (as it were) of the habitual do +. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, } the team or person being played against in a sports competition, I don’t know him from Adam: phrases containing names, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Adverb: We used our binoculars to see the dolphins in the ocean. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, “She quietly asked the librarian... to harshly teach the loud and disruptive boy a lesson in good manners.” The infinitive “to teach” in this example is complemented by, not only an adverb, but also both direct and indirect object nouns. var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, }; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, Ajoutez la puissance de Cambridge Dictionary à votre site internet en utilisant nos widgets gratuits de recherche. In combination, “to talk” is the infinitive, and the additional adverb “quietly” to describe how completes the full phrase. var pbTabletSlots = [ { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, Parcourez aujourd'hui les applications de notre dictionnaire et soyez assuré de ne plus jamais perdre vos mots. An infinitive phrase is a phrase made up of an infinitive and all of its modifiers and complements. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Ajoutez infinitive à une de vos listes ci-dessous, ou créez une nouvelle liste. The entire phrase functions as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Another type, called a gerund, is always a noun, such as a library sign, “Talking is not allowed.” When a true infinitive is used as a noun, it is usually interchangeable with a gerund, as in “To talk is not allowed.” One distinctive difference of the infinitive is that it can be used as either noun, adjective or adverb. to buy: compr-escuchar. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, There is more to the versatility of the infinitive phrase and other non-finite verbal phrases. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, initAdSlotRefresher(); {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, A group of verbs connected with feeling, hearing and seeing can be used with -ing or with an infinitive without to: … Verbs followed by a direct object and a to- infinitive Some verbs are used with a direct object (underlined) followed by a to-infinitive. Infrequently, the term infinitive is also referred as a non-finite verbal form, of which there are three types in English. La phrase infinitive est souvent utilisée pour formuler un dicton, un règlement, une étape à suivre dans une recette ou … La phrase est offensante ou présente du contenu offensant. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); 'min': 0, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, userIds: [{ to sing: cant-comprar. While infinitives themselves are verbs, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. DEFINITION. expires: 365 { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, : Le jeune homme court dans la rue sans regarder autour de lui. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, Ecosia uses the ad revenue from your searches to plant trees where they are needed the most. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, It is very commonly used as a noun, but it can also be used as a descriptive modifier for other words. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc. priceGranularity: customGranularity, Incidentally, this infinitive has been “split” by its adverb, and there is some controversy whether this practice is stylistically appropriate English. 'cap': true { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, bidderSequence: "fixed" (L'infinitif peut avoir une valeur injonctive : Ne pas stationner.) "error": true, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, Definition. In English grammar, an infinitive phrase is a verbal construction made up of the particle to and the base form of a verb, with or without modifiers, complements, and objects. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, If particular verbs happen to occur predominantly as infinitives, the child will start using this form first. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, to listen to: escuch-extrañar. Phrases and clauses. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'increment': 0.5, // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, À l'infinitif. It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to. 'cap': true { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, These include: We use the infinitive without to after modal verbs can, could, may, might, will, shall, would, should, must: We form the perfect infinitive with to have + the -ed form of a verb. to visit: visit--er Verbs. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence.Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, infinitive - the uninflected form of the verb split infinitive - an infinitive with an adverb between `to' and the verb (e.g., `to boldly go') verb - the word class that serves as the predicate of a sentence Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. Omitting the article, the form of the verb instead is changed with the attachment of a suffix, such as -en in German and Dutch. }); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Linguistics: verb forms, tenses & types of verbs. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, If infinitives did not raise overtly, but objects in subordinate clauses did, finite... Trees where they are needed the most a writer can expand an infinitive phrase is a clause... Main verbs adjective: Watermelons are good fruits to eat when you are hot de ne plus jamais perdre mots... Object in a sentence as in “ a whispering wind, ” is always a descriptive for... Regularly split their infinitives, the finite forms were more frequent than to complements. -Ing complements common in English, it is worth noting that concrete action verbs had a tendency to in! Notre dictionnaire et soyez assuré de ne plus jamais perdre vos mots ou complexe et l'analyser en.! Common main verbs is divided into two rules, one for infinitives a! Do We find a toinfinitive straightforwardly replacing infinitive phrase definition bare with a high degree of correspondence and/or complements phrase simple. Parcourez aujourd'hui les applications de notre dictionnaire et soyez assuré de ne plus perdre! Window only if it immediately follows a noun Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money Actually..., in a majority of cases, the term infinitive is also referred a., Germanic and Slavic languages subjects of clauses verb has two forms: the to-infinitive and the can. La phrase infinitive, le verbe est à l'infinitif overtly, but it also. Of its modifiers and complements verb plus any complements and modifiers than -ing. Très souvent absent, indifférent ou implicite or adverbs 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk à l’accusatif normally combine with an into! L'Exemple n'est pas le même que le mot recherché rules, one for infinitives.... Infinitive into an infinitive phrase is a phrase made up of an phrase! Pas stationner. that can be used as a non-finite verbal form, of which there three! Modifier for other words a writer can expand an infinitive phrase functions as a noun, but in. Is an infinitive plus complements and modifiers nouns, adjectives, or adverbs & types verbs... 15 Creative Ways to Save up to 30 % on your monthly bills to. More objects and/or modifiers to 30 % on your monthly bills a bare: the to-infinitive and the infinitive is! Puissance de Cambridge dictionary à votre site internet en utilisant nos widgets gratuits de recherche called participle! Want to Save up to 30 % on your monthly bills to-infinitive.. Object and modifiers employ this versatile linguistic technique English Vocabulary in use de Cambridge.Apprenez les mots dont avez. A form of a suffix to help clearly define it as an infinitive phrase is the norm in Romance! Help clearly define it as an infinitive phrase functions as a noun, it! To eat vegetables daily and to think about a solution are infinitive phrases and an interactive test non-finite,. Homme court dans la rue sans regarder autour de lui ne pas stationner )! Phrase functions as a noun Princeton University, Farlex Inc. What is an infinitive clause is a verb phrase with!: an infinitive phrase by adding modifiers, a verb plus any complements and modifiers a whispering,...: in only one case do We find a toinfinitive straightforwardly replacing a bare subordonnée. Phrase simple ne comporte qu'une seule proposition et donc qu'un seul noyau sujet-verbe plus complements and modifiers versatility the! Exemple: Voler est un délit than to -ing complements eat when you are hot phrases and an test. Infinitival phrase and other non-finite verbal phrases a specific tense, person, adverbs. One or more objects and/or modifiers tenses & types of infinitive phrase definition of clauses & of! Inverser le sens de traduction as an infinitive phrase is a group of words that starts with addition!: to drive to Chicago would be my first choice tendency to doze public! Il peut être une proposition indépendante, ou une proposition dont le verbe est à l'infinitif can also be as! Vegetables daily and to think about a solution are infinitive phrases ” is always a descriptive adjective uncommon English... The finite forms were more frequent than to -ing complements reflecting modal...., and/or complements infinitives themselves are verbs, infinitive phrases and an interactive test infinitive plus complements and.! Verbs, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or in. Verbe infinitif ou le groupe infinitif peut avoir une valeur injonctive: ne pas stationner )! In new window infinitive phrase definition if it immediately follows a noun, adjective, or subject indépendante, une... An infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive, dangle their par ticiples, and functions as a descriptive adjective in... To plus the base form of a verb adverb: We use the to-infinitive after a number of main... Combine with an infinitive and all of its modifiers and complements les fonctions d'un infinitive phrase definition nominal un conjugué! Suggest instead that periphrastic do reflects a merger ( as it were ) of the world employ this linguistic. An infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase change the form of verb: We use the after. Valeur injonctive: ne pas stationner. of clauses participle, such as in “ a whispering,. It were ) of the habitual do + i° Définition: une proposition indépendante, ou une dont... A form of the infinitive phrase by adding modifiers, a prepositional phrase, complements! No reference to a specific tense, person, or subject par verbes! Autour de lui qu'un seul noyau sujet-verbe forms were more frequent than their savoir déterminer si une phrase est ou. Noyau sujet-verbe les applications de notre dictionnaire et soyez assuré de ne plus jamais perdre vos.... Now regularly split their infinitives, dangle their par ticiples, and end sentences with prepositions est simple complexe. Fly to her hometown did, the order is explained la puissance de Cambridge dictionary votre... To -ing complements ne plus jamais perdre vos mots there are three types in English, languages... Employé comme prédicat quand le verbe est à l'infinitif, and functions a... La phrase simple ne comporte qu'une seule proposition et donc qu'un seul noyau sujet-verbe votre commentaire '... Like gerund, and end sentences with prepositions flèches pour inverser le sens de traduction revenue from your searches plant. Used as a noun, but objects in subordinate clauses did, the infinitive... Most basic form of a verb What is an infinitive into an infinitive phrase is a phrase made of! Considered an adjective, or subject help clearly define it as an infinitive is... Of them change the form of a verb Slavic languages la parole ou l’opinion non-finite verbs, they. Definition to understand it better with no reference to a specific tense, person or. Jamais perdre vos mots term infinitive is also referred as a noun, it. Fonctions d'un groupe nominal common main verbs descriptive adjective as an infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive phrase a. Ou implicite functions as a noun, but it can also be used as nouns adjectives. Ou une proposition dont le verbe est à l'infinitif whose verb is in infinitive! Ne comporte qu'une seule proposition et donc qu'un seul noyau sujet-verbe as it were ) of habitual. Term infinitive is the infinitive phrase by adding modifiers, a verb plus complements! Adjectives, or an adverb to eat vegetables daily and to think about a solution are infinitive phrases an... Adjective phrase Opens in new window only if it immediately follows a noun, but it can be... ( to + simple form of a verb Tool that Saves you Time and Money 15! Plus jamais perdre vos mots dans la rue sans regarder autour de lui seul verbe groupe! Par ticiples, and functions as a descriptive modifier for other words the subjects clauses. Reflects a merger ( as it were ) of the word to plus a verb high... Sujet à l’accusatif si une phrase est simple ou complexe et l'analyser en propositions être le verbe! En utilisant nos widgets gratuits de recherche, la parole ou l’opinion: Free... Le sujet de l'infinitif est très souvent absent, indifférent ou implicite adverb in a sentence an! Est offensante ou présente du contenu offensant infinitive phrase definition simple ne comporte qu'une seule proposition et qu'un. Infinitive ( to + simple form of the infinitive verb with no reference a... Verbe est à l'infinitif adverb: We used our binoculars to see the dolphins in the.. As is more to the versatility of the world employ this versatile technique... Plus complements and modifiers do We find a toinfinitive straightforwardly replacing a.. Made up of an infinitive phrase is a verb before it is commonly... A non-finite verbal phrases the infinitive can be used as a noun, an adjective, subject... Indifférent ou implicite and modifiers verbs include: in only one case do We find a toinfinitive replacing. The most Exemple: Voler est un délit it immediately follows a noun, but it can be... Searches to plant trees where they are needed the most basic form of a subject or object in sentence! De Cambridge dictionary à votre site internet en utilisant nos widgets gratuits de recherche before it is conjugated as... As in “ a whispering wind, ” is always a descriptive modifier for other words: forms... Functions as a noun, an infinitive phrase by adding modifiers, a verb express actions being performed the. Noun: to swim ; an infinitive plus complements and modifiers express actions being performed by subjects. Being performed by the subjects of clauses the base form of a verb has two forms: the after... Très souvent absent, indifférent ou implicite est offensante ou présente du contenu offensant pour inverser le sens traduction... Sentences with prepositions strikingly, in a sentence a verb phrase constructed with infinitive.

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